International Journal of Home Economics, Hospitality and Allied Research
P-ISSN: 2971-5121
E-ISSN: 3027-1819

Review Report

Corrosion of Household Utensils: Causes, Effects and Remedies

Liberty Kanyamumba1, Chika O. Ujah2*, Daramy V.V. Kallon2, Mohamed Dumbuya3

Africa Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Power and Energy Development, University of Nigeria Nsukka, 410001, Nigeria
2Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Technology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 2006, South Africa
3Department of Chemistry, Njala University, Freetown 00232, Sierra Leone.
*Correspondence: Chika O. Ujah, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Technology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 2006, South Africa (Email:

Abstract: This article was motivated by the avalanche of finance spent annually on addressing the harm caused by corrosion on household wares and buildings, industrial machines and facilities, hospital equipment and many other establishment of man in the universe. Corrosion is a universal phenomenon referred to as the deterioration of metallic material. Metal alloys like stainless steel and aluminium are extensively used in household utensils for their durability, affordability and corrosion resistance. However, these materials can leach heavy metals such as chromium, nickel, iron, and aluminium into food, posing serious health challenges. Stainless steel, despite its corrosion resistance, releases harmful metals when exposed to acidic foods, while aluminium utensils corrode and release harmful elements under certain conditions too. Hence, this article was aimed at examining the historical background of corrosion, the causes of corrosion in household wares and utensils, its impact especially on human health and economy, and the potential remedies. The findings indicated that acidic foods and prolonged storage increase metal leaching. Health concerns included increased risks of anemia, dementia, and osteomalacia due to excessive metal accumulation in the body. Mitigation strategies included using anodized aluminium, minimizing storage time of acidic foods in metal containers, and increasing public awareness about the potential health risks. Proper maintenance and selection of utensils could significantly reduce the hazards associated with metal leaching.

Keywords: Corrosion, Leaching, Metal alloys, Stainless steel, Aluminium, Health risk

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Kanyamumba, L., Ujah, C.O., Kallon, D. V.V., & Dumbuya, M. (2024). Corrosion of Household Utensils: Causes, Effects and Remedies. International Journal of Home Economics, Hospitality and Allied Research, 3(1), 54-67.