International Journal of Home Economics, Hospitality and Allied Research
P-ISSN: 2971-5121
E-ISSN: 3027-1819

Original Research Report

Mental Health Literacy among First-Generation University Students with Visual Impairments

Vera Victor-Aigbodion1*
1Department of Educational Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa
*Correspondence: Vera Victor-Aigbodion, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa (Email:

Abstract: The major objective of this study was to investigate whether visual impairments (VI) impact mental health literacy among first-generation university students (FGUS). A descriptive survey research method was used to examine the mental health literacy of 132 purposive sample of FGUS with and without VI from three federal universities in Southern Nigeria. A 35-item MHL Scale (MHLS) for university students (Crobach’s α=0.83) with 5-point response was used for data collection. Questionnaire distribution was achieved through the help of two research assistants. Means, standard deviations, analysis of variance and regression plot were employed to analyze the research data. Participants’ mean age was 24.96±3.86 years. Results showed a higher level of mental health literacy across seven domains of the MHL Scale among students with VI compared to those without this disability. The students identified mental health literacy they possess including the ability to recognize specific disorders, the ability to seek mental health information, the ability to identify risk factors and causes, the ability to understand self-treatment options, the ability to access professional assistance, and positive behaviors that promote awareness and help-seeking. VI did not significantly impact the mental health literacy of FGUS with VI. VI explained only 6.31% of the variation in MHL among FGUS with VI. Accordingly, mental health literacy is an essential skill that should be acquired by everyone, including those who suffer from specific disorders and professionals who care for them. Further effort is required in order to improve the mental literacy of FGUS without VI in Nigerian universities.
Keywords: Mental Health Literary, First-Generation University Students, University Students, Visual Impairments

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Victor-Aigbodion, V. (2024). Mental Health Literacy among First-Generation University Students with Visual Impairments. International Journal of Home Economics, Hospitality and Allied Research, 3(1), 44-53.